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King 2021 Group

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Henry Wilson
Henry Wilson

Life A User

Here, at last, was a post-Sartre storybook capable of bringing French fiction back from the brink of extinction to which Alain Robbe-Grillet had driven it. I began to wonder if I could give Perec the global audience his novel seemed designed to reach. With luck, the help of a dear friend, a courageous publisher and the most exhilarating hard work I have ever done, La Vie mode d'emploi became Life A User's Manual within a few years. It changed my life. And it changed the field of the novel too.

Life A User

Founded in 2011, Seraphim provides Second Life subscribers with a digital storefront to host and distribute user-created content. The firm has seen approximately 84 million page views since its debut over a decade ago.

As of 2021, Second Life has reported around 64.7 million active users on its platform. Organisations such as Stanford University, the American Cancer Society, and Adult Swim have also used the platform for enterprise-grade virtual events.

Day-in-the-life studies are traditionally an in-person method. Researchers physically follow around a participant through part or all of their day and take notes, record video or audio, take pictures, and ask follow-up questions on why someone is behaving the way they do.

For the next two days, we want you to show us moments that you think best sum up what a day in your life is like. Show us five moments each day. Each moment should capture a different aspect of your daily routine. Give us the broadest picture possible!

Both individuals and organizations that work with arXivLabs have embraced and accepted our values of openness, community, excellence, and user data privacy. arXiv is committed to these values and only works with partners that adhere to them.

You can define business requirements for each transition of the user life cycle. Use the sample scenarios listed in the following table to establish the link between user life cycle transitions and business objectives.

The user account is activated in Oracle Identity Cloud Service, and the user can now log in and use this Oracle Cloud service. The user can access all groups, applications, and administration role privileges assigned to the user account.

User Account: A user account represents a user in Oracle Identity Cloud Service, and enables the user to access the Oracle Cloud service to which they belong. In Oracle Identity Cloud Service, there is a one-to-one relationship between a user and a user account. By default, all users can use their accounts to perform self-service capabilities in Oracle Identity Cloud Service. Users can update their profiles, reset their passwords, unlock their accounts, and change their email preferences.

Administrator Role: You may want to provide a user account with administrative capabilities in Oracle Identity Cloud Service. To do this, you assign administrator roles to user accounts. See Understand Administrator Roles.

Group: Oracle Identity Cloud Service provides easy and controlled privilege management through groups. Groups are the links between user accounts and applications in Oracle Identity Cloud Service. Groups are designed to ease the administration of privileges that you grant to user accounts or other groups. See Manage Oracle Identity Cloud Service Groups.

In addition to granting users and groups access to Oracle applications, you can grant users and groups access to entitlements within applications. For example, you use Oracle Identity Cloud Service to grant John Doe and Jane Doe access to Oracle Java Cloud Service. You want John Doe to have administrator privileges for Oracle Java Cloud Service, but Jane Doe to have user privileges only.

See Manage Oracle Identity Cloud Service Applications for more information about how you can use Oracle Identity Cloud Service to grant and revoke access rights for users and groups to applications and application roles.

User Experience is an evidence-based design process that centers on the behaviors and needs of users. The clear benefits of UX offered in our personal lives such as in the retail sector have been slow to percolate to other more complex sectors such as the life sciences. The adoption of UX in the life sciences comes with its own set of challenges.

Current best practices need to be adapted and developed to scale our UX practices in the life sciences. The UXLS community actively works on sharing and developing best practices. In addition, we seek to raise awareness of the value that UX brings to the life sciences.

The User Experience is key to future digital transformation. Without clear communication and ease of navigation, life science experts will not be able to navigate through the increasing amounts of data they can access. The adoption of UX practices in the life sciences will clearly lower the barriers to innovation for the life sciences and empower scientists. We offer many resources such as toolkits, whitepapers, discussion groups, and conferences to foster the growth of the UXLS career path (see Resources list below).

The project has built a toolkit which focuses on issues faced in developing digital products specifically for R&D in the life science and healthcare environments. The UXLS toolkit includes UX techniques, methods and business-critical metrics.

For Locke, then, the problem is above all that of determining the limits of life: its indistinct beginning in the seed or the egg (around which arguments continue today, in debates about voluntary termination of pregnancy), and its uncertain end in unconsciousness without feeling or movement (questions that would be subsequently raised around the recognition of brain death).

But the attempt to define "life" also raises concerns of a different order, bound up with the multitude of meanings encompassed by the word itself. It denotes at once a property of organized beings, a set of biological phenomena, a time that elapses between birth and death, and a range of events that fill this temporal space, to say nothing of metonymic or metaphorical uses when we refer to the lives of great men, or the life of objects. Are we talking about the same thing in each case? Is the life of a human being a fact of the same order as the life of the cells that constitute it? To be sure, the commonsense understanding does not tangle itself up in complications, and everyone understands more or less what is meant, amid the multifarious senses of the term, by expressions such as life sciences, life expectancy, life in the country, or the life of ideas, in each of which the word has a different meaning. The same cannot be said, however, of philosophers, who appear at an impasse when attempting to consider life as conceived, for example, by a biologist together with life as interpreted by a novelist.

The problem is articulated with clarity by Georges Canguilhem: "Perhaps it is not possible, even today, to go beyond this first notion: any experiential datum that can be described in terms of a history contained between its birth and its death is alive, and is the object of biological knowledge." This seems a simple definition. Yet it brings together quite heterogeneous elements, which highlight a semantic tension. Knowledge and experience, biology and history: this is the great dualism inherent in life. And Hannah Arendt pointed to a similar duality: "Limited by a beginning and an end, that is, by the two supreme events of appearance and disappearance within the world, it follows a strictly linear movement whose very motion nevertheless is driven by the motor of biological life which man shares with other living things and which forever retains the cyclical movement of nature. The chief characteristic of this specifically human life, whose appearance and disappearance constitute worldly events, is that it is itself always full of events which ultimately can be told as a story, establish a biography." Cyclical movement of nature and worldly events, biology and biography: these are the two series that make life an entity at once overdetermined in its material dimension and indeterminate in its course. In effect, one incorporates humans into a vast community of living beings, on the same level as animals and plants, while the other makes them exceptional living beings by virtue of their capacity for consciousness and language.

Can this binarism be resolved? Is it possible to think of life as biology and life as biography together? For two thousand years, philosophers have applied themselves to this question. They have successively considered life as animation of matter, following Aristotle, as a mechanism generating movement, with Descartes, and as a self-maintaining organism, as did Kant. They thus moved from a vitalist representation to a mechanistic interpretation, and finally to an organicist approach, each with a different medium: the soul or breath, then the body and fluids, and finally the organs and the internal milieu. However, the point in each of these various interpretations was to pursue an interrogation of the relationship between the living and the human, between the infrastructure of the former and the superstructure of the latter, as it were. For Hegel in particular, "'life' is a transitional concept that relates the realm of nature to the realm of freedom," as Thomas Khurana puts it, since while it is constrained by biological elements it can, through a process of self-organization, produce the autonomy required for the realization of a biographical journey.

In contrast to these earlier attempts to articulate the two dimensions of life, over the last century, the opposition between the two trends has hardened, leading to an apparently irremediable division between the two.

As regards life in the biological sense, it was in the mid-twentieth century that, through the unlikely intervention of quantum mechanics theorist Erwin Schrödinger, the study of living beings shifted in scale, and hence also in perspective. Henceforth, the physicist turns biologist, his analysis descending to the molecular level, his method borrowing from thermodynamics, and atomic structure becoming a code whose innumerable permutations make possible the diversity of living beings and the creation of order out of entropic chaos.


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